ehs logo   

New NYC Fire Code

Table 1: New Code Enforcement for Existing Labs

Subject

New Fire Code/NFPA 45 (effective 7.1.08)

New Fire Code Sec. 2706.2

 “Laboratory chemicals within a laboratory unit shall be stored, handled and used in accordance with this section and, except as otherwise provided in this section, NFPA 45 laboratory unit fire hazard class D requirements.

Certificate of Fitness (C-14)

1 present in each laboratory unit when lab is in operation.

 

 

Cryogenic
Cylinders

  1. Certificate of Fitness (G-97) required for amount over 60 Gallons

Note: 1 large cylinder equals 230 liters or 60 gallons.

  1. When there are more than 60 gallons in a lab or in a storage area, a G-97 COF holder must be present.
  2. Where there are more than 60 gallons of cryogenics being stored, an O2 sensor must also be installed in the storage or dispensing area. Dewars are included in the gallon count!
  3. Cylinder cannot be stored by means of egress (within3 ft. of doorway), unless 2nd means of egress available.

 

 

 

Compressed Gas
Cylinders

 

Oxidizing:
Certificate of Fitness (G-46) required for amount over 504 SCF
Note: 1 Standard “K” cylinder = 249 SCF
If more than 2 cylinders: proof of 8 air changes per hr & G-46 C of F
Maximum cylinders of oxidizers allowed in sprinklered lab is 12;
Maximum cylinders of oxidizers allowed in non-sprinklered lab is 6
No > 2 allowed stored in corridor

Non-flammable – (3000 SCF)
No > 10 in lab, if more, then proof of 8 air changes & G-46

Flammable – (400 SCF)
Prohibited in corridors
1 inoperation/1 in reserve up to 4 cylinders,
doubled if sprinklered

 

Separation of incompatible materials

NFPA  45 - 9.2.3.3/ FC 2703.9.8

  1. Will accept storage bins (not trays) that will provide secondary containment for both the flammable liquid and corrosives when stored within common storage cabinet.
  2. Incompatible gases; by a distance of not less than 20ft.

 

Safety Showers

Maintained in good working order. (Annual Inspection)

  1. Eyewash/deluge hose tested weekly by lab workers.
  2. Overhead Safety Showers inspected annually by facilities
  3. Tagged with date & name of inspector

 

Chemical Fume Hood Interiors

NFPA 45 – 8.8.1.3
Chemical fume hoods shall be provided with a means of preventing overflow of a spill of 2L (0.5 gallon) of liquid

 

Black out Curtains & Drapes

  1. Curtains must be inherently flame-resistant.
  2. Inherently flame-resistant curtains require an affidavit from manufacturer stating its flame-resistance as per NFPA 701.
  3. It must also be tested by a NYFD Certificate of Fitness Holder (Waiting for further clarification from FDNY)

 

John LaPerche – EH&S - Fire/Life Safety
As of June 16, 2009 and subject to interpretation
NOTE: The listed requirements are intended to be a summary of the general code requirements for new laboratories.  A detailed code review should be performed for specific designs.  The information provided in the column titled “New Fire Code/NFPA 45” was reviewed; however, additional code requirements were not added.

Go to Top

Table2: New Laboratory Fire Code

Subject

New Fire Code/NFPA 45 (effective 7.1.08)

New Fire Code Sec. 2706.2

“Laboratory chemicals within a laboratory unit shall be stored, handled and used in accordance with this section and, except as otherwise provided in this section, NFPA 45 laboratory unit fire hazard class D requirements.

 

Chemical Fume
Hoods

Refer to NFPA 45 – 8.8.1.3 – Chemical Fume hood Interior

  1. 80 – 120 fpm  NFPA Annex-A.8.4.7
  2. Interiors - Chemical fume hoods shall be provided with a means of preventing overflow of a spill of 2L (0.5 gallon) of liquid
  3. Exhaust ducts from each lab unit shall be separately ducted to point outside the building, to a mechanical room, or to a shaft.

 

Means of Egress

Refer to NFPA 45 - 5.4.1
2nd means of egress needed:

  1. If > 1000 sq ft.
  2. Adjoining lab can be considered 2nd means if not of higher hazard
  3. If cylinders/cryogenic units located near door & may prevent safe egress

 

Sprinklers & Fire Alarms

Refer to NFPA 45 - 6.2.1

  1. Required in all new labs
  2. See BC 419.6.1 & BC 419.6.3

 

 

Cryogenic
Cylinders

  1. Certificate of Fitness (G-97) required for amount over 60 Gallons

Note: 1 large cylinder equals 230 liters or 60 gallons.

  1. When there are more than 60 gallons in a lab or in a storage area, a G-97 COF holder must be present.
  2. Where there are more than 60 gallons of cryogenics being stored, an O2 sensor must also be installed in the storage or dispensing area. Dewars are included in the gallon count!
  3. Cylinder cannot be stored by means of egress (within3 ft. of doorway), unless 2nd means of egress available.

 

Flammables & Combustible Liquids

The density and total quantity of flammable and combustible liquids allowed within a lab unit shall be accordance with Table 10.1.1 of NFPA 45 for Laboratory unit fire hazard class D.

  1. Based on density of 1 gallon per 100 sq ft. to a maximum of 75 gallons
  2. Maybe increased to 150 gallons if in storage cabinet or safety cans provided walls, floors and ceilings of lab unit are 2 hour rated construction
  3. Can change classification from “D” to “B” to keep at least 25 gallons. (if small lab)

 

Storage rooms

  1. Maximum 300 gallons or 5 gallons per sq ft.
  2. Incompatible chemicals not together in same room
  3. Chemicals not to be used in room
  4. BC 419.9 –not open directly to an exit or enclosed exit access component

 

 

Separation of incompatible materials

Refer to NFPA  45 - 9.2.3.3/ FC 2703.9.8
Chemicals

  1. Will accept storage bins (not trays) that will provide secondary containment for both the flammable liquid and corrosives when stored within common storage cabinet.
  2. Recommend non-combustible partitions in cabinets

Gases

  1. Not less than 20 ft apart,
  2. Ok if non-combust. partition at least 18” high above and to side of stored material

 

Black out Curtains & Drapes

  1. Curtains must be inherently flame-resistant.
  2. Inherently flame-resistant curtains require an affidavit from manufacturer stating its flame-resistance as per NFPA 701.
  3. It must also be tested by a NYFD Certificate of Fitness Holder for Flameproofing. (Waiting for further clarification from FDNY)

John LaPerche – EH&S - Fire/Life Safety
As of June 16, 2009 and subject to interpretation
NOTE: The listed requirements are intended to be a summary of the general code requirements for new laboratories.  A detailed code review should be performed for specific designs.  The information provided in the column titled “New Fire Code/NFPA 45” was reviewed; however, additional code requirements were not added.

Go to Top

Email to Principle Investigators (December 3, 2008)

A revision of the FDNY Fire Code went into effect July 1, 2008 impacting existing as well as newly constructed laboratories.  Enforcement of these new codes began October 1, 2008.  Some of the new Code changes that now apply to existing laboratories include:

C-14 Certificate of Fitness (Supervision of Chemical Laboratories)

A C-14 Certificate of Fitness holder must be present in each laboratory unit when in operation.  The old fire code (RCNY -10) required only one holder per floor.  

Please see link below for information on how to obtain a Certificate of Fitness.

http://ehs.columbia.edu/COFreq.html

G-97 on line with RASCAL:

Now Online with Rascal - Certificate of Fitness G-97 – Storage and Use of Cryogenic Liquid Gases.

1. Log into Rascal https://www.rascal.columbia.edu/

Click on “Testing Center” then,” Safety Courses” then – “TC0084 (Alternate Issuance Program –AIP, Examination to qualify for the FDNY Certificate of Fitness for Storage and Use of Cryogenic Liquid Gases.
(G-97)”

Study course material and then take the 30 question test. You must achieve a mark of 70% in order to receive the Certificate of Fitness.

_*If you currently have a C-14 (Certificate of Fitness for Supervision of Chemical Laboratories)*_

If you currently have a C-14, go to RASCAL and take the G-97 (TC0084).
After you have passed the test, you will be emailed the required forms that need to be filled out and signed. After forms are completed, contact EH&S to arrange for forms to be collected.

_*If you do not have a C-14:*_

The requirements to obtain a G-97 through the Alternate Issuance Program (AIP)

Applicants must have a:

    1. Masters or Doctoral degree in a science related field.
       or
    2. Bachelors degree in Chemistry, Biology, Biochemistry, Environmental or Health Sciences, Medical Technology, Chemical or Environmental engineering, or related field plus 2 years of experience in the supervision of cryogenic/refrigerated systems(O2, N2O, CO2, N2, AR), and/or in the storage and handling of cryogenic/refrigerated liquefied gas cylinders

*Note: All claimed experience must be post baccalaureate. Any experience gained prior to the receipt of the degree will not be accepted toward meeting the AIP requirements.*

Go to RASCAL and take the G-97(TC0084). After you have passed the test we will email you the required forms that need to be filled out and signed. After forms are completed, contact EH&S to arrange for forms, *_along with a photo copy of your diploma*_*, to be collected.

*Photocopy of Diploma in English or a copy of transcript showing degree earned with date.

EH&S will complete the remaining paperwork and submit your application along with the $ required fee to the FDNY.

Please Note: Due to the New Fire Code and new Certificate of Fitness requirements throughout the city, the process to actually receive the FDNY Certificate of Fitness can take 2 -3 months. Once we have submitted an application to the FDNY, all outstanding violations to provide a G-97 C of F will be dismissed.

* Call or Email -Environmental Health and Safety (EH&S) for further details

Go to Top

Cryogenic Fluids (Liquid Nitrogen)

  • A laboratory which uses more than 60 gallons of cryogenic fluids (more than1 large cylinder) will require a Certificate of Fitness holder (G-97) for “Storage, Handling and Use of Cryogenic Liquids”.*
  • Please see FDNY links below for additional details.
  • If 2 large cylinders of cryogenic liquids are present then proof of 8 air exchanges per hour (ACH) must be provided. EHS is working with Facilities Operation to determine air exchanges. 
  • If more than 60 gallons of cryogenic liquids are present, an O2 sensor must be installed
  • Cryogenic cylinders cannot be stored within 3 feet of a laboratory exit door, unless there is a secondary means of egress from that lab.
  • No more than one cryogenic cylinder may be stored in any corridor

Cylinders in Laboratories

  • Oxidizing gases (e.g. oxygen >23%, nitrous oxides, chlorine, fluorine)

If more than 2 cylinders in lab,  proof of 8 air changes per hour & a G-46 Certificate of Fitness for “Handling and Storage of Nonflammable Gas Cylinders” are required.*        

Maximum cylinders of oxidizers allowed in sprinklered lab is 12.          

Maximum cylinders of oxidizers allowed in non-sprinklered lab is 6.

  • Non-flammable gases (e.g. nitrogen, other inert gases)

No more than 10 cylinders may be stored in lab.

If more than 10; proof of 8 air changes per hour & G-46 Certificate of Fitness for “Handling and Storage of Nonflammable Gas Cylinders” are required

Please see FDNY links below for additional details.

http://nyc.gov/html/fdny/pdf/cof_study_material/g_46_noe.pdf

http://nyc.gov/html/fdny/pdf/cof_study_material/g_46_st_mat.pdf 

*Note: EH&S is working with the FDNY to incorporate the G-97 and the G-46 along with the C-14 (Certificate of Fitness for the Supervision of Chemical Laboratories).  At present however, the G-97 and G-46 must be obtained individually from FDNY Metrotech Center. EH&S is developing on online RASCAL training for the G-97 which should be available in January 2009.

  • Flammable gases (e.g. gaseous hydrogen, acetylene, ethylene)

No storage of flammable gases shall be allowed in any laboratory unit where there is not an on-going operation requiring their use. On-going operations shall allow for storage of flammable gases sufficient to meet the operating requirements of the equipment in that laboratory unit plus one in reserve. 

Maximum amount of flammable cylinders permitted in a laboratory is 4 (doubled if sprinklered). 

Flammable gas cylinders are prohibited in corridors.

Storage of Incompatible Materials (e.g. acids, oxidizers, flammables as gases or liquids)

For existing labs, the FDNY will accept storage bins (not trays) that provide secondary containment for both the flammable liquid and corrosives when stored within common storage cabinets. 

For new laboratories with amounts greater that .5 gallons (2L) or 5 pounds (2kg):

Storage not less than 20 ft apart or a non-combustible partition at least 18” high above and to side of stored materials.

Chemical Fume Hoods

Chemical fume hoods shall be provided with a means of preventing overflow of a spill of 2L (0.5 gallon) of liquid.  Storage bins for containment may be used.

Black-out Curtains

Any black-out or laser curtain in an FDNY permitted laboratory must be treated for fire protection. The curtain must be either “inherently fire resistant” or "flame-proofed" with a fire retardant solution.
Flame-proofed curtains will require proof, in the form of an affidavit from an approved flameproofing company, indicating that the fabric was treated with a flameproofing chemical approved by the FDNY. These curtains will require treatment every 1 to 3 years dependent on the chemical used. Curtains that are "inherently flame resistant" will require that the manufacturer provide an affidavit that their fabric meets NFPA 701 standards for being inherently flame-resistant.
"Inherently flame resistant" curtains do not require any treatment after purchase.

Overhead Safety Showers

All safety showers must be tested annually. Those found to be inoperable must be repaired or dismantled as their presence would provide a false sense of security. Testing of overhead safety showers will be done by Facilities Operations.

Please address any questions to:
John LaPerche, Associate Director of Fire Safety
Environmental Health & Safety
Phone:  212.305.6780
Email: fire-life@columbia.edu  

Go to Top

line@2008 Columbia UniversitySite Designed by Jean J. Lee